Visuals | 視物


Feb, 2021

Tear gas canister from Hong Kong, pink-rose carnation

Inhaling tear gas for the first time was a common experience for many Hong Kong citizens in 2019. According to the official data from the police, from June 2019 to June 30, 2020, more than 16,223 tear gas grenades hit Hong Kong.

The vase is one of those 16-thousand tear gas canisters in response to demonstrations. We do not know how will it ends, I am here to show my highest respect to the deaths who fight for democracy, justice, and peace, in Hong Kong, Burma, and around the world.

Refer to a well-known photo entitled ‘Flower Power’ by Bernie Boston on October 21, 1967, shows a Vietnam War protester placing a carnation into the barrel of an M14 rifle held by a soldier.

Carnation symbolizes eternal grief, love, and loyalty. This flower has long been the flower of mourning. The white carnations signify deep sorrow, combining a powerful symbol of death, sadness, and respect. While flowers give beauty at the funeral, they also symbolize hope for everlasting life.


Existence Not Even in Name | 右左
Nov, 2020

This book combined techniques of western ad eastern book binding. The content is just a sentence of ‘One country, two systems.’ I used the copy machine to keep copying the print outs, play with the idea of data degeneration in order to metaphor the future of the Hong Kong political independence. The book has 50 pages, with index of every ten years; indicating the promise by China government on Sino-British Joint Declaration exists in name only. It is just 23 years since the shift of sovereignty, Hong Kong is no longer having any independent system in economy and legislation. Western style for the coverage while the eastern binding technique applied for the inner pages, it intends to show the status of Hong Kong that the politics just want to use a democracy way to wrap a typical Chinese corrupted political means. And it reads from right to left, symbolize the fortune of Hong Kong is stepping from capitalism to communism.


Underneathe . Beneath . Breathe
Nov, 2020

At the early stage of coronavirus pandemic, while people are still not yet familiar with the behaviour of wearing masks, it was a signature of overreaction. People jumped away from me after noticing I am wearing a mask. *They felt shocked and I felt awkward. When face masks become daily things in Asia, many people among the world are still start to learn how to wear masks correctly. *Frankly and honestly, I witness not-a-few-number of people wearing them inside out, I wondered and hesitated for couple of moments whether tell them or not. 

In many parts of the world, coronavirus raised a strong sense of race division and hateful emotion burned the entire Asia. As an asian, I felt really uncomfortable to wear masks on street and felt like I was the only one cares about this precaution. Although we cannot see the faces under the masks, we can still recognise people’s race by shape of the face, height of the noses, hair colour, iris, …etc. There is no way to hide. Vice versa, we can still somehow recognise the races by only the bottom parts of faces.

Exhibited in ‘Link Will Follow’, Nov 2020
Trondheim Open, Norway


Slipping Through | 指縫之間
Oct, 2020

the gate between fingers are wide
while the time is slim

you dance through gracefully
without a glimpse on me

hold me tight
like we were

with strong arms
whispering . smiling

hold me tight
like we were

with thin fingers
nothing left but a fag
wrinkling . shading

#20201013 #33 #time #darkroom

10 x 15 cm
Analogue back and white photo papers

Published in “rom.” @ Trondheim Art Book Fair , 

Trondheim Open, Oct – Nov 2020


Deprivation | 日中盤飧
June, 2020

A piece from my daily life has been taken.
Not back to the city I familiar with.

The piece we were used to treasure most,
the crucial part. It is
how we found our society,
how we build our value,
how we walk along with.

Like the unspoken day on the calendar,
we cannot say it loud, but we never forget.


This workpiece was created during those days Hong Kong is still having protest known as Water Revolution since June 2019, however the issue loses it global spotlights because of the coronavirus pandemic. Having a normal like in a place that far away and separated from hometown is a joke. A simple technique of Photoshop has been used to edit this series of photos. Main food on the plates have been outlined and deleted. It is like something crucial have been taken away from the main dishes of daily life and randomly filled up things from the surrounding. There are many holes and emptiness. Same as the freedom that has been taken away by the tyranny.

30 x 30 cm
Digital Photography

Exhibited by installation format in ‘Refractions/Diffractions: What is Human in Times of Trouble?’ . Edvard-Munch-Haus, Wernemünde, Germany . Aug – Sep 2020

Chitta | 若水
April, 2020

The Sanskrit word ’Chitta’ is one of the four aspects of consciousness in India knowledge, carrying a meaning of thinking, reflection,  pondering; used for either the mind or the heart, as being considered respectively the seats of conscious or unconscious mentation. Also used for memory, intelligence, reason, while in astrology it is the name of the ninth mansion. The aspect of chitta allows for subjectivity, one’s emotional reaction, affected by what it sees and its own nature.

This painting plays with light and tie-dye techniques. It presents a transition a status of mind in a water alike way, showing the reaction and manipulation under inevitable forces.

133 x 87.5 cm
Exhibited in KiTX, Trondheim,  March – Sep 2020

A journey of forty-two days, more than 30 days of intensive work on one painting, including preparation of the canvas, grinding pigments, drafting, coloring, applying gold. I spent over 16 hours per day to keep the progress.


Exploration of bioplastics – Homemade Galalith
May, 2020

At the beginning of this semester, I explored ways to get bioplastic. I took a simple recipe to make Galalith from milk. And I also took the Bioplastics co-making workshops arranged by Alex and the Architecture Dept in order to tried some more different methods to get bioplastics.

In this project, an alternative way of bioplastic is introduced and see if there is any potential value in our daily life. The initial idea is to share that there are many ways to reduce plastic pollution and making plastic out of milk is one of them. The plastic made out of milk was developed on an industrial scale in the late 19th century and it was known as Galalith. In this project, our idea is I can also make this plastic with expired milk instead of throwing it in the garbage.

“Plastic made from milk” — that certainly sounds like something made-up. I was surprised to learn that in the early 20th century, milk was used to make many different plastic ornaments — including jewellery for Queen Mary of England. In 1897 Galalith was introduced by German chemists, the plastic that is made out of milk and named as Galalith, which is derived from the Greek words gala (milk) and lithos (stone). It’s a biodegradable plastic made from milk.  The new plastic was presented at the Paris Universal Exhibition in 1900. One can make the use of expired milk by converting it to other useful things.

With an ever-growing demand and consumption of fossil plastics in modern “throw-away” society, environmentally friendly alternatives for making plastics are more important than ever, to minimize the negative impacts associated with conventional plastics. With a viable alternative, the average consumer can make at home, it can have the potential to help reduce the global plastic waste. There are different ways of focusing on reducing plastic pollution, my motivation is to bring back the popular idea from the 19th century describing the plastic that is made out of milk. This plastic was very popular in that era, which is not harmful to the environment and human life. I decided to point out this old idea by adding some new measurements so that the process of making it is easy and possible to do it at home. Based on that, I did experiments and made some tiny things from the materials.

During the research, I found that how the impact from the animal agriculture and how the demands from dairy product could affect our world. Regarding to the carbon footprint, cow milk is a harmful product. They use so many lands, water and generate huge amounts of greenhouse gases. This is because cows require a hell of a lot of land space and water. Then, there is the fact that cows are the major producers of methane, which is more harmful to the environment than carbon dioxide.